Black Forest furniture design originated in the late 19th century in Switzerland consistent with the timing of the Renaissance period in Europe. During this period the industrial revolution produced new technology offering the use of machines to produce wonderful detail in furniture production. Black Forest carvings were usually of animals such as birds, dogs, boars and especially bears offering a woodsy or forest theme. Carvings also included trees, tree branches and intricate leaves or other types of foliage. After many exhibitions during the late 1800’s Black Forest carvings became highly collected by the elite. With this demand the production style and design spread to Germany as well as France. Many of the designs were mixed with Renaissance designs as well. There was a considerable amount of smaller Black Forest pieces produced in France during the Renaissance such as clocks, desk top items, jewelry boxes, small wall cabinets and wall décor. Original wood used was the linden tree but walnut was also widely used. Black Forest pieces continue to be highly collectible both in Europe as well as the United States. The areas that affect the value of the piece is the quality of carving, age, and subject matter.